Published on November 21st, 20122
What was the secret genius of Albert Einstein? A recent study provides valuable clues
Everyone approves that Albert Einstein had been a genius, and the general opinion has swayed many to marvel “what is the secret genius of Einstein?”. Almost all researchers have understood that it takes a brain to develop absolutely special theory of relativity and other genius discoveries underlying modern physics.
A new study provides a few answers to this mystery. The research was performed with 14 photos of recently discovered that Einstein‘s brain was caught shortly after his death. The researchers agreed that, indeed, his brain was out of the ordinary in several ways. However, researchers have not yet explained extra circumvolutions how they discovered Einstein‘s brain affected physicist exceptional abilities.
The tale of Einstein‘s brain is very long, and it starts in 1955, the year the Nobel prize winner died in Princeton, New Jersey, at the age of 76 years. His son Hans Albert and executor Otto Nathan had agreed that pathologist Thomas Harvey will keep your brain to conduct scientific research. Harvey photographed Einstein‘s brain, then cut it into 240 pieces which he kept in a resinous substance. These pieces were then cut in thin slices back in 2000, which were studied with a microscope. Subsequently, these microscopic study Einstein‘s brain and photos were distributed by 18 researchers from around the world. Except microscopic slides kept Harvey, nobody knows where to find specimens of Einstein‘s brain today, most were lost as researchers have retired or died.
In current decades, these materials have resulted in only six studies published in prestigious scientific journals. Some of these studies have disclosed interesting components of Einstein‘s brain, and a higher density of neurons in parts of the brain and an unusually high number of glia (cells that help neurons transmit nerve impulses) compared to neurons. Other two studies were bent on Einstein‘s brain anatomy exposed that Einstein‘s parietal lobes showed a pattern of circumvolutions as exotic. These studies were based, however, on some pictures provided by Harvey.
Thomas Harvey died in 2007, and in 2010 his heirs decided to transfer all its materials to the National Museum of Health and Medicine (NMHM), an institution of the U.S. Army. This allowed performing a new study Einstein‘s brain, the results were published recently in the journal Brain.
Anthropologist Dean Falk of Florida State University, neurologist Frederick Lepore at Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and Adrianne Noe, Director NMHM have collaborated to analyze 14 photos of Albert Einstein‘s brain that have never been made public.
“Each lobe were extremely complicated convolution regions”, says Falk. In terms of regions associated increased face and tongue, Falk believes that they could explain Einstein‘s famous words, saying that his thinking is often “muscle” without taking the form of words. Often, this statement is interpreted the metaphorical, but Falk says that “could be a form that Einstein described how they use their extraordinary motor cortex”, which is related to abstract conceptualization.
The team compared the brains of Einstein‘s brain with 85 people who have already been described in the literature and found that, indeed, physicist receive a special body. Although his brain was normal size (weighing 1,230 grams), several regions showed additional convolution and folds unseen in other subjects. For example, regions in the left side of the brain, sensory perception and control that facilitates face and tongue were much higher than usual. Also pre-frontal cortex - the region associated with planning, attention and perseverance in difficult times - was much higher than other brains.
Falk points out that Einstein growing environment is as important in understanding the brain and its brilliant physicist. The researcher reports that Albert Einstein‘s parents wanted to grow, encouraging them to be independent and creative. They have not only sustained scientific effort, but also in music, financing and piano and violin lessons. Falk argues that brain regions associated physicist was highly developed musical talent.
Researchers in the following research intends to compare Einstein‘s brain with that of other talented physicists to see if unusual features are found in other minds.