Published on March 17th, 20130
Little known dynasties: Black Scorpions Kings and Pharaohs
Ancient Egypt continues to fascinate to this day. Infamous and original civilization many sparks interest from historians and archaeologists who specialize in investigating its mysteries (and there are many), the ordinary people who can not explain the attraction to the bygone world of Pharaohs, papyrus, mysterious religious rituals, and the pyramids. Besides this, some of the most interesting historical episodes are the mysterious Nile Civilization of the Nubian Black Scorpions Kings and Pharaohs. In fact, ancient Egypt would not have been complete without the contribution of the two dynasties.
Who founded the ancient Egyptian civilization?
Since the year 3550 BC, the ancient world was caught in the carousel violence and destruction. From Mesopotamia to the Nile, nomadic tribes emerged from the mists of time attacking and robbing everything that comes their way, caught in a bloody conflict for control of land suitable for agriculture and wealth.
It seems that out of nowhere, stepped boldly into the dawn of history, a warrior who managed to unite rival factions to lay the foundation of ancient Egypt civilization.
His name was forgotten exactly, but history in remembers him under the name of Scorpion King. Obviously, this is not the character embodied by WWE star and actor The Rock, The Scorpion King really existed and was one of the leaders who founded the original and flourishing civilizations of ancient Egypt.
Records concerning his appearance on the scene have resulted in very valuable information for historians and researchers. Relatively recent discovery of a tomb and primitive hieroglyphs of an obscure archaeological site in Egypt’s western desert area showed that the foundations of Egyptian civilization were laid much earlier than previously thought. Discovered evidence convinced the experts to rewrite history sites, establishing a new dynasty of Egyptian rulers.
The new dynasty was called Dynasty Zero and Scorpion King research on it is a journey in ancient times, before the construction of the pyramids and the Sphinx of Giza,
Over 5000 years ago, at Abydos, in what will probably be the first royal cemetery of Egypt, priests one of the oldest religions on Earth first sovereign bodies deposited in the tombs of Egypt: Kings Elephant, Jackal, Crocodile and Scorpion.
If at first the researchers believe that they are nothing more than mythical, or at most kings, shamans who took the name of totem animals that are identified during ceremonies and rituals, archaeological records showed that they were as real as Kefren, Cheops or Mikerinos, famous Pharaohs of Egypt later was in full glory and brilliance.
So who was actually the Scorpion King and how he managed to unite Lower Egypt at the top in a historical period of time the area in which it was characterized by extremely bloody conflict?
To try to find the answer must descend while until near the end of Mesolithic and the emergence of human civilization. Days pre-dynastic Egypt were particularly troubled. Early Bronze Age was a period of incessant tribal wars on the territory of today’s Egypt and the Middle East.
Between the years 5000-3500 BC, Egypt was divided into two different entities, Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Around the year 4000 BC, historians agreed that Upper Egypt was led by a local leader in his name, Menes, who was the first king of this country. On these grounds, the researchers speculate that the Scorpion King was a direct descendant of Menes, and has managed to unify the first Ancient Egypt.
However, the question remains:
Who exactly was the leading warrior with mythical allure?
History begins at Abydos
Every archaeological discovery, personality is emerging more and more. His accomplishments were not limited victories on the battlefield, as the Scorpion King was downright revolutionary qualities in political and social organization of the new entities that would later be noted as one of the most brilliant civilizations antiquity.
Under its influence, he united Egypt, developed the first phonetic writing in human history and established the first Pyramid. But the practical application of this visionary leader and founder acted then obviously remains open assumptions and speculation.
It is believed that the first center of power is at Abydos Ancient Egypt located about 400 km south of Cairo, which was then held close to the Nile than today (during this great river fluctuations suffered throughout history). In addition, Abydos was located at the crossroads of trade routes leading to the Red Sea and to Nubian oases. The site was discovered in 1894 by a French archaeologist who has conducted excavations there for four years.
In 1980, Gunter Dreyer, head of a team of German archaeologists, rediscovering the Abydos site originally opened by the French. Cemetery was ravaged by French archaeologists negligent activity, however guilt was not just their graves still being attacked and robbed in antiquity, when followers of the cult of Osiris, god of death and rebirth were digging in hopes of discovering the birthplace of the god. Team archaeologist Gunter Dreyer also found ivory, bronze and obsidian objects, arrowheads, ceramic dishes and engraved plates.
Beyond these objects and discoveries followed worst form of several skeletons of humans and animals. Among them, the skeletons of young people under 25 years, with animals sacrificed to accompany the king on his journey to the other world. Recently it was discovered an inscription describing an warlike victory on nomadic tribes threatening the Scorpion King’s kingdom. The inscription is considered by many experts as the oldest historical document found so far.
Also, as a tangible testimony came from old times to warlike nature, archaeologists discovered in one of the rooms a mace that belonged to the king. The mace, obviously the oldest in the world, has marked the silhouette of a man wearing the crown of Upper Egypt alongside a scorpion, the official symbol of the warrior from the beginning of time.
Scorpion King’s tomb consisted of a number of twelve rooms, and was built of bricks of clay, is a miniature replica of the palace of the same historical figure. According to carbon dating 14 artefacts discovered from around 3400 BC. Of great value are the 160 engraved plates that are the oldest known forms of hieroglyphs. The plates are about 200 years old but famous cuneiform tablets bearing inscriptions of Sumer.
Based on these records, historians suggest that systematic Scorpion King ordered the first forms of writing to create such an effective means of keeping track of his royal duties by the treasury. One can therefore say that the Scorpion King is the creator of taxes …
Closer to today, was discovered in Qena on the Nile an engraving in stone celebrate another Scorpion King’s victory for the people of Naqada, a fortified city, who believed in Set, god of chaos and destruction. The discovery indicates that the unification of the two proto-Egyptian kingdoms occurred about 150 years earlier than archaeologists thought.
Conquest of the Naqada gave Scorpion King the control not only over the course of the Nile, but also commercial routes Egypt facilitates with the world. Another enlightening discovery consists of a clay plate where the founding father of Egyptian civilization is represented by its characteristic crown and mace while keeping an enemy’s head by his hair.
Currently, investigations were halted because of unstable political situation in Egypt, following the excavations at Abydos site to be continued as soon as political and social situation in the Arab country will normalize.
When Nubians ruled Egypt
Another extremely interested dynasty that succeeded the throne of ancient Egypt, the so-called dynasty of Nubian Pharaohs. For millennia Nubian tribes in southern Egypt were built in the largest external threat to the country’s Pharaohs.
However, somewhere on the threshold of 730 BC, a Nubian ruler named Piye decided the only way to end the conflict between his subjects and Pharaohs troops invaded and conquered Egypt be followed by enthronement on the highest throne . Of his kingdom located in present-day Sudan, Piye took advantage of the decaying state of Egypt.
His soldiers forward in boats north on the Nile until they reached Thebes, where they landed before the decisive battle. There, landing exactly where the captain put his warriors to bathe in the sacred waters of the Nile before the battle, as a supreme form of purification. Soldiers with ebony bodies were bathed in the temple of Karnak, a shrine dedicated to the sun god Amon, the ram’s head, Piye’s personal deity, which this black warrior worshiped and sacrificed for it.
Spiritually Strengthened, Nubians led a military campaign for nearly a year, they defeated all Egyptian army sent their way, including general troops influenced Egyptian Tefnakht. At the end of that year, Egypt had already been conquered and occupied.
When Nubian leader died at the end of his stretched over a period of 35 years, his subjects Nubians, pretend already in position nine Egyptian ruling class, Piye was buried on a typical pyramid with his beloved horse. Piye was the first of the so-called Black Pharaohs or Nubian Pharaohs, a dynasty of kings from Black Africa who ruled ancient Egypt for a period of about 70 years, being the twenty-fifth dynasty of Pharaohs to scale history.
There were some spiteful and cruel leaders from the local population. On the contrary, they noted the Egyptian state stabilization, construction of monuments and buildings and creating united empire stretched from present-day Khartoum to the Mediterranean shores. Their influence was noticeable and outside Egypt, they are the ones who stopped the invasion of the Assyrians in the Middle East, thus avoiding the destruction of Jerusalem.
Were considered legendary historical figures invoice until recently, when forty years ago, archaeologists have confirmed. Coming from a strong culture that flourished in southern Nile before king Piye started to conquer Egypt. Their relations with Egyptian dost particularly interesting and complex.
Egyptian Pharaohs dislike this powerful and influential neighbor, but depended on gold mines of Nubia to strengthen commercial influence in the Middle East. Therefore, prior to Piye’s successful adventure, the Pharaohs of the eighteenth dynasty (1539-1292 BC) sent their armies to conquer Nubia and built garrisons along the Nile.
Installed governors and officials of local Nubians in newly conquered territory they occupied at Thebes teaching and educating children Nubians local elite which allowed preservation of privileges. The Nubian elite embraced enthusiastically reaching Egyptian culture and religion to worship the god Amon, to learn the massive Egyptian burial customs and even go to build their pyramids. So Nubians were the first and only civilization “egiptianized” with great success.
Under the leadership of Egypt Nubians regained glory before Libyans installed in the north, which imposed its own rules and customs. Once in power, the black warriors caste priests reinstated and restored the cult of Amon.
When Piye died in 715 BC, his brother Shabak consolidated his power establishing the capital at Memphis. Shabak was devoted to ancient Pharaohs custom even adopting the name of Pepi II, the most famous ruler of the sixth dynasty. Nubians Pharaohs dynasty lasted until that collapsed under the blows of the Assyrians.
Nubians continued to survive history until the 14th century when they were mass Islamized by Arabs. Old black scorpion Pharaohs land was then divided in 1956 when drawing the borders of the Republic of Egypt and the Sudan.
The rest is pure history waiting to be discovered in quieter times.