Published on January 22nd, 20140
Eating chocolate, red wine and berries can prevent type 2 diabetes!
Chocolate, red wine and berries are rich in antioxidants, regulate blood glucose levels, thus preventing type 2 diabetes, said British researchers in a study published Monday in the Journal of Nutrition.
Flavonoids are found in the plant antioxidants , and the tea , red wine , and chocolate to protect against diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, certain cancers and dementia.
The study made by English researchers at the University East Anglia (UEA) and King’s College, London, found that a diet rich in flavonoids and anthocyanins - found in strawberries, black currants, blackberries and blueberries - is associated with lower insulin resistance and a better control of blood glucose.
The results show that this type of antioxidants reduce the risk of chronic inflammation, which can cause diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease and cancer.
“We focused on flavanoids, which are found in herbs and vegetables such as parsley, thyme and celery, and the anthocyanins, found in berries, red grapes, wine and other fruits and vegetables bluish color. This is one of the first large-scale studies conducted in humans examining how these powerful bioactive compounds could reduce the risk of diabetes”, said Professor Aedin Cassidy, of Norwich medical School, UEA affiliated.
British researchers tested nearly 2,000 healthy women from the foundation TwinsUK who filled out a questionnaire about their eating habits to estimate daily intake of flavonoids.
Scientists have examined samples of blood glucose levels in order to evaluate inflammation and analyzing also the degree of insulin resistance, an indicator of type 2 diabetes.
“We found that women who followed a diet rich in anthocyanins and flavones had a lower degree of insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is associated with higher forms of type 2 diabetes, therefore, people who eat foods rich in these compounds - such forest fruits, greens, red grapes, wine - have a lower probability of disease”added Aedin Cassidy.
Reserachers at UEA are now seeking local men and postmenopausal women to help investigate whether blueberries can improve aspects of health linked to heart disease and diabetes.